here are three stages of gum disease:
As mentioned above, when plaque first starts building up at the gumline, if it is not removed by brushing and flossing the bacteria in the plaque produce chemicals (toxins, poisons), which cause inflammation of the gums or gingivitis. Gingivitis is painless, and that is why people are usually unaware that they even have it. The only symptom may be some bleeding during brushing. This makes it so important to have a dental checkup and a professional cleaning periodically, as at this early stage, damage can be reversed, since the infection has not progressed to affect the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place.
If the plaque and tartar that buildup on teeth are not removed, the bacterial infection spreads to the supporting bone and fibers that hold teeth in place, resulting in irreversible damaged. The gums will usually begin to separate away from the root surface of the teeth, forming pockets below the gumline, in which more food, plaque and bacteria can accumulate. This only increases the bacterial infection and the pocket depth, and the disease process feeds itself on this ongoing cycle. Timely dental treatment and improved home care can eliminate the tartar buildups and pocket formation and usually help prevent further damage.
If periodontitis is not treated in good time, it progresses to involve increasing amounts of bone and in this final stage of gum disease, the fibers and bone supporting the teeth are destroyed, resulting in shifting and loosening of the teeth, changes in the bite, and even loss of teeth.
Symptoms of Gum Disease:
Gums that are red, puffy or swollen, or tender
Gums that bleed during brushing or flossing
Teeth that look longer because the gums have receded
Gums that have separated, or pulled away, from the teeth, creating a pocket
Changes in the bite
Pus coming from between the teeth and gums
Constant bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth.
Treatment of Gum Disease:
The early stages of gum disease can often be reversed with proper brushing and flossing. Good oral health will help keep plaque from building up.
A professional cleaning in our office is the only way to remove plaque that has built up and hardened into tartar. We will clean or “scale” your teeth to remove the tartar above and below the gumline. If your condition is more severe, a root planing procedure may be performed. Root planing helps to smooth irregularities on the roots of the teeth making it more difficult for plaque to deposit there.
Gum Disease and Dangers of Heart Disease and Stroke: